Music for Advent II – December 8, 2019

December 8, 2019 @ 9:30 am – 10:30 am
Episcopal Church of the Apostles
12111 N. La Cholla Blvd
Oro Valley
AZ 85755
Episcopal Church of the Apostles

Episcopal Church of the Apostles


Music for Advent II, December 8, 2019


Sonata in F Major                               Antonio Vivaldi

String trio and organ

Missa brevis in G Major (K. 140)       W.A. Mozart

Solo quartet, choir, string trio and organ


Vivaldi’s Sonata in F for two violins, like his “Four Seasons” concerti, often evoke thoughts in listeners’ ears of Winter, Advent or Christmas. The genre is called a “Trio sonata,” although four instruments are required because the Baroque “Basso continuo” duo of keyboard instrument and cello was regarded as one unit. In a “Sonata da chiesa” (“Church sonata”) the organ quite logically substituted for the harpsichord.

A “Missa brevis” (Latin for “short mass”) was an alternative to a complete mass for larger forces (usually orchestra) called a “Missa Solemnis.” They are generally shorter, simpler, and for smaller forces, both vocal and instrumental. In Austria in the 1700s a tradition developed for an instrumental complement of two violins, cello and organ (the same forces used in the already established Sonata da chiesa genre) to accompany a small choir and solo quartet in mass settings. Mozart drew upon the tradition of the “Pastoral Mass” for his Missa brevis in G Major (K. 140), which employs musical devices like familiar Christmas melodies and 6/8 meter that listeners would associate with the shepherds and fields referred to in the Advent and Christmas texts.

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